BioMechanics Lab

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Journal Papers (Pubmed list)

  1. Koo S, Lee K*, Wrap-around operation to make multi-resolution model of part and assembly, Computers & Graphics, Vol. 26: 687-700, October, 2002.
  2. Andriacchi TP*, Mundermann A, Smith RL, Alexander EJ, Dyrby CO, Koo S, A framework for the in vivo pathomechanics of osteoarthritis at the knee, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 32(3): 447-57, March, 2004.
  3. Kornaat PR*, Reeder SB, Koo S, Brittain J, Yu H, Andriacchi TP, Gold GE, MR imaging of articular cartilage at 1.5T and 3.0T: Comparison of SPGR and SSFP sequences, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol. 13(4): 338-44, April, 2005.
  4. Koo S, Gold GE, Andriacchi TP*, Considerations in measuring cartilage thickness using MRI: Factors influencing reproducibility and accuracy, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol. 13(9): 782-9, September, 2005.
  5. Andriacchi TP*, Briant PL, Bevill SL, Koo S, Rotational changes at the knee after ACL injury cause cartilage thinning, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, Vol. 442: 39-44, Jan, 2006.
  6. Song Y, Greve JM, Carter DR, Koo S, Giori NJ*, Articular cartilage MR imaging and thickness mapping of a loaded knee joint before and after meniscectomy, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol. 14:728-37, March, 2006.
  7. Kornaat PR*, Koo S, Andriacchi TP, Bloem JL, Gold GE, Comparison of quantitative cartilage measurements acquired on two 3.0T MR imaging systems from different manufacturers, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Vol. 23: 770-3, May, 2006.
  8. Koo S*, Andriacchi TP, A comparison of the influence of global functional loads vs. local contact anatomy on articular cartilage thickness at the knee, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 40(13):2961-6, September, 2007.
  9. Chaudhari A*, Briant P, Bevill S, Koo S, Andriacchi TP, Knee kinematics, cartilage morphology and osteoarthritis following ACL injury, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 40(2):215-22, February, 2008.
  10. Koo S*, Andriacchi TP, The knee joint center of rotation is predominantly on the lateral side during normal walking, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 41(6):1269-73, April, 2008.
  11. Andriacchi TP*, Koo S, Scanlan SF, Gait mechanics influence healthy cartilage morphology and osteoarthritis of the knee, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Am, Vol. 91 Suppl 1:95-101, February, 2009.
  12. Gold GE*, Chen CA, Koo S, Hargreaves BA, Bangerter NK, Recent advances in MRI of articular cartilage, American Journal of Roentgenology, Vol. 193(3):628-38, September, 2009.
  13. Koo S*, Giori NJ, Gold GE, Dyrby CO, Andriacchi TP, Accuracy of 3D cartilage models generated from MR images is dependent on cartilage thickness: Laser scanner based validation of in vivo cartilage, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 131(12):121004, December, 2009.
  14. Liphardt AM*, Mundermann A, Koo S, Becker N, Andriacchi TP, Zange J, Mester J, Heer M, Vibration training intervention to maintain cartilage thickness and serum concentrations of cartilage oligometric matrix protein (COMP) during immobilization, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol. 17(12):1598-603, December, 2009.
  15. Koo S, Hargreaves BA, Gold GE, Dragoo JL*, Fabrication of custom-shaped grafts for cartilage regeneration, International Journal of Artificial Organs, Vol. 33(10):731-7, October, 2010.


  1. Netravali N, Koo S, Giori NJ, Andriacchi TP*, The effect of kinematic and kinetic changes on meniscal strains during gait, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 133(1):011006. January, 2011.
  2. Koo S, Rylander J, Andriacchi TP*, Knee joint kinematics during walking influences the spatial cartilage thickness distribution in the knee, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 44(7):1405-1409, April, 2011.
  3. Yang S, Choi Y*, Koo S, CUDA-based fast DRR generation for analysis of medical images, Korean Journal of CAD/CAM, Vol. 16(4):285-291, August, 2011. Korean CAD/CAM Society


  1. Lee SH, Jung YB, Lee HJ, Koo S, Chang SH, Song KS, Jung HJ*, Evaluation of tunnel position of posterolateral corner reconstruction using 3-dimensional computed tomogram, Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol. 28(6):844-854, June 2012.
  2. Kim G, Jung HJ*, Lee HJ, Lee JS, Koo S, Chang SH, Accuracy and reliability of length measurements on three-dimensional computed tomography using open-source OsiriX software, Journal of Digital Imaging, Vol. 25(4):486-91, August 2012.
  3. Lee JS, Kim TH, Kang SY, Lee SH, Jung YB, Koo S, Chang SH, Lee WB, Jung HJ*, How isometric are the anatomic femoral tunnel and the anterior tibial tunnel for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction?, Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol. 28(10):1504-1512, October, 2012.


  1. Baek SY, Wang JH, Song I, Lee K, Lee J, Koo S*, Automated bone landmarks prediction on the femur using anatomical deformation technique, Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 45(2):505-510, February, 2013. DOI:10.1016/j.cad.2012.10.033
  2. Jung HJ, Kim JH, Lee HJ, Koo S, Chang SH, Jung YB, Lee SH*, The isometry of two different paths for remnant-preserving posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Vol. 21(5):1029-1035, May, 2013.


  1. Park N, Lee J, Sung KH, Park MY, Koo S*, Design and validation of automated femoral bone morphology measurements in cerebral palsy, Journal of Digital Imaging, Vol. 27(2):262-269, April, 2014.
  2. Jung Y, Jung M, Lee K, Koo S*, Ground reaction force estimation using an insole-type pressure mat and joint kinematics during walking, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 47(11):2693-2699, August, 2014.
  3. Hwang S, Choi Y*, Koo S, Shape reconstruction and inspection using multi-planar X-ray images, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol.15(8):1545-1551, August, 2014. DOI:10.1007/s12541-014-0503-x
  4. Koo S*, Lee KM, Measuring foot and ankle kinematics using a bi-plane fluoroscopic system, Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 7(Suppl 1), A46, September, 2014.


  1. Lee KM*, Chung CY, Sung KH, Lee SY, Kim TG, Choi Y, Jung KJ, Kim YH, Koo S, Park MS, Anatomical predisposition of the ankle joint for lateral sprain or lateral malleolar fracture evaluated by radiographic measurements, Foot & Ankle International, Vol. 36(1):64-69, January, 2015.
  2. Liphardt AM*, Brüggemann GP, Hamann N, Zaucke F, Eckstein F, Bloch W, Mündermann A, Koo S, Mester J., Niehoff A, The effect of immobility and microgravity on cartilage metabolism, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, Vol. 74(Suppl 2):919, June, 2015.DOI
  3. Koo S, Kyung BS, Jeong JS, Suh DW, Ahn JH, Wang JH*, Dynamic three-dimensional analysis of Lachman test for anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency: Analysis of anteroposterior motion of the medial and lateral femoral epicondyles, Knee Surgery & Related Research, Vol. 27(3):187-193, September, 2015.
  4. Jung KJ, Chung MK, Lee KM, Chung CY*, Lee DY, Park MS, Koo S, Concomitant ankle injuries associated with tibial shaft fractures, Foot & Ankle International, Vol. 36(10):1209-1214, October, 2015.
  5. Koo S*, Lee K, Cha YJ, Plantar-flexion of the ankle joint complex in terminal stance is initiated by subtalar plantar-flexion: a bi-planar fluoroscopy study, Gait & Posture, Vol. 42(4):424-429, October, 2015.
  6. Phan C, Koo S*, Predicting anatomical landmarks and bone morphology of the femur using local region matching, International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, Vol. 10(11):1711-1719, November, 2015.


  1. Jung Y, Phan C, Koo S*, Intra-articular knee contact force estimation during walking using force-reaction elements and subject-specific joint model, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 138(2):021016, February, 2016.
  2. Jung Y, Jung M, Ryu J, Yoon S, Park S, Koo S*, Dynamically adjustable foot-ground contact model to estimate ground reaction force during walking and running, Gait & Posture, Vol. 45:62-68, March, 2016.
  3. Niehoff A, Brüggemann GP, Zaucke F, Eckstein F, Bloch W, Mündermann A, Koo S, Mester J, Liphardt AM*. Long-duration space flight and cartilage adaptation: First results on changes in tissue metabolism. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol.24:S144-5, Apr, 2016. DOI
  4. Liphardt AM*, Brüggemann GP, Hamann N, Zaucke F, Eckstein F, Bloch W, Mündermann A, Koo S, Mester J, Niehoff A. Impact of medium term bed rest on serum levels of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol. 24:S151-2, Apr, 2016. DOI
  5. Kim Y, Ta D, Jung M, Koo S*, A musculoskeletal lumbar and thoracic model for calculation of joint kinetics in the spine, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, Vol. 30(6):2891-2897, June, 2016. DOI
  6. Lee SY, Kwon SS, Park MS, Chung MK, Kim KB, Koo S, Lee KM*, Is there a relationship between bone morphology and injured ligament on imaging studies and laxity on ankle stress radiographs?, International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 37(13):1080-1086, Dec, 2016. DOI


  1. Jung Y, Koo Y, Koo S*, Simultaneous estimation of ground reaction force and knee contact force during walking and squatting, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol. 18(9):1263-1268, September, 2017. DOI
  2. Lee KM, Ahmed S*, Park MS, Sung KH, Lee SY, Koo S, Effectiveness of arthroscopically assisted surgery for ankle fractures: A meta-analysis, Injury, Vol. 48(10):2318-2322. October, 2017.


  1. Koo S, Chun S, Lee KM*, Cho BC, Koo Y, Kang D, Park MS, Sex differences in pedobarographic findings and relationship between radiographic and pedobarographic measurements in young healthy adults, Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery, Vol. 10:1-9, March, 2018. DOI.
  2. Lee J, Phan CB, Koo S*, Predicting three-dimensional gait parameters with a single camera video sequence, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol. 19(5):753-759, May, 2018. DOI
  3. Kim Y, Lee KM, Koo S*, Joint moments and contact forces in the foot during walking, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 74(6):79-85, June, 2018 DOI.
  4. Lee SY, Chung CY, Park MS, Sung KH, Ahmed S, Koo S, Kang DW, Lee KM*, Radiographic measurements associated with the natural progression of the hallux valgus during at least 2 years of follow-up, Foot & Ankle International, Epub ahead, DOI.
  5. Phan CB, Nguyen DP, Lee KM, Koo S*, Relative motion on the articular surfaces ..., Bone and Joint Research, Major revision.
  6. Nguyen DP, Phan CB, Koo S, Person identification by ..., Major revision.
  7. Koo Y, Koo S, Three-dimensional kinematic rhythms ..., In review
  8. Lee SY, Influence of bone morphology ..., In review.
  9. Kim Y, Jung Y, Cho W, Lee K, Koo S, Similarity and difference of ..., In review

Conference Abstracts


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